How to create a vertical garden at home
Inner city living can present a challenge to those who love to get their hands dirty in the garden – with minimal outdoor space available, creating a thriving garden can seem an insurmountable task but don’t worry, we’ve got you sorted.
Our answer? A vertical garden.
Growing up, not out, means you can incorporate more greenery into your home than you may have first thought. It is a fantastic way to add ambience and atmosphere, especially in a small space. Vertical gardens are often easy to maintain, and they don’t need to be expensive. While there are landscaping companies that create elaborate vertical gardens for offices and public spaces, it’s surprisingly simple to create your own version at home with repurposed materials, propagated plants (your friends or neighbours may be able to give you some cuttings) and basic supplies from your local nursery.
A small balcony is a great option for a vertical garden, although any spare wall will do. You can even create indoor versions, although you’ll need to give consideration to watering systems and ensuring plants get adequate sunlight.
Here are some ideas for designing a vertical garden to suit whatever kind of space you have available:
Reuse and repurpose
There are multiple ways that discarded objects can be incorporated into a vertical garden. For example:
- Wooden pallets can have landscaping fabric attached to one side and then be filled with soil; seeds can be planted in the gaps between the planks. The finished product can be propped against a wall so the plants grow up and out
- An old ladder can simply lean against a wall, so small pots can sit on the steps. Hooks can be used to help keep the ladder stable
- A hanging shoe organiser can easily be transformed into a vertical plant holder, while stacked crates or old pots and buckets suspended from a wall or frame also work
- Old gutters can be attached to a wall at varying heights and filled with soil and small plants
Many nurseries sell pouches made from recycled cloth that can be attached to a wall and filled with soil to grow small plants or herbs. If attaching them directly to the wall isn’t feasible, use a wooden or wire frame to support them.
Hanging gardens are a fabulous option! Hanging planters and frames are easily purchased, or DIY-ers can create their own with wooden planks and rope. Make sure you have a solid beam or roof structure to suspend your garden from (keeping in mind the frame can become very heavy once filled with soil and plants).
A simple option is to grow a vine up a trellis. Plant your vine in a pot, position the trellis behind it, and then coax it upwards. Twist ties can be used to encourage the plant to grow in the desired direction. This can be purely decorative or you can even grow beans, tomatoes or cucumbers!
Here are some of our favourite types of plants suited to vertical gardens:
- Vegetables and herbs are great options. They are often easy to grow and smell fantastic, too. Choose varieties you use frequently when cooking
- Many types of ferns work well in shaded spaces, ideal if you have a balcony that doesn’t get much direct sun
- The Japanese iris is a showstopper – when growing vertically, its green leaves cascade downwards like a waterfall
- Bromeliads grow in very little soil, and have colourful leaves and long-lasting flowers
- Hoya is a climbing plant with glossy leaves and striking, waxy flowers.
An impressive vertical garden is within your reach!